What are Keloids?

Keloids are pathological scars raised more than four millimeters from the skin. They can extend further beyond the borders of the original wound. They are less common than hypertrophic scars, but dark skin persons are more given to develop them. Anything could cause them: burn injuries, piercings, cuts, tattoos, after surgery or even acne. They start to show up to 3 months from the time that the injury was suffered and may keep growing for years.

What are the causes?

When your skin suffers an injury, your cells start the healing process generating a scar. A keloid occurs when the tissue keeps generating long after the wound is healed. Doctors are still trying to figure out what’s the exact cause of this.

Keloids may result of many kinds of injury:

  • Acne
  • Piercings
  • Wounds
  • Chickenpox
  • Insect bites
  • Surgical scars
  • Tattoo
  • Burn injuries

What are the Symptoms?

  1. Signs of keloid take from 3 months to a year to show up
  2. A keloid scar begins as a raised pink, red or purple scar
  3. It tends to darken with time
  4. It takes months to grow.  Sometimes it keeps growing for years
  5. The scar gets a strange texture: skin may be hard and rubbery or soft and doughy
  6. While growing keloids can be painful or itchy

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